Sabest is a drug with the main active ingredient Fluconazole, which has antimycotic action, effectively destroying pathogens. The drug Fluconazole is used to treat various types of fungal infections. This drug inhibits the growth and reproduction of fungal cells, which makes it an effective tool in the fight against many infections.
One of the most common forms of release is Fluconazole 150 mg in tablets. This dosage is often used to treat yeast infections, including those caused by Candida. Fluconazole tablets are used both for short-term treatment and for the prevention of recurrences.
One of the main uses of Fluconazole is to treat candidiasis, which can affect various parts of the body, including the mouth (oral candidiasis), genitals (vaginal candidiasis), skin and nails. Fluconazole is widely used to treat these forms of yeast infections. Fluconazole's effectiveness against yeast infections is due to its ability to quickly penetrate fungal cells and stop their development.
The drug is also used to treat cryptococcal meningitis, a serious inflammation of the brain membranes caused by the fungus Cryptococcus. It is especially relevant for people with weakened immune systems, such as patients with HIV.
Onychomycosis is a fungal disease of the nails. Fluconazole is used to treat it, especially when the infection is widespread or severe.
Fluconazole tablets can be used to treat some forms of dermatomycoses, which are fungal skin diseases. This includes infections such as athlete's foot, ringworm, and others.
Systemic Fungal Infections
In cases of serious systemic fungal infections, such as invasive aspergillosis or candidemia (fungal infections of the blood), fluconazole may be prescribed as part of a comprehensive therapy, especially when other antimycotics cannot be used.
Prevention of fungal infections
Fluconazole may also be used to prevent fungal infections in people with weakened immune systems, such as organ transplant patients or people undergoing chemotherapy.
Diagnosis: Before starting fluconazole treatment, it is important to accurately diagnose the type of fungal infection, as the effectiveness of the drug may vary depending on the type of fungus.
In some countries, Fluconazole is available without a prescription, but this does not exclude the need to consult a specialist before using it. This is especially true in the presence of chronic diseases or when taking other medicines.
An interesting aspect is related to the question of how long Fluconazole stays in the body. The half-life of the drug in the body is approximately 30 hours, but this may vary depending on individual body characteristics, such as kidney function. On average, the effects of a single dose of Fluconazole 150 mg may last up to several days. This means that the drug continues to work even after discontinuation, which is important to consider when planning treatment.
The dosage of Fluconazole used depends on the type of infection, severity of the disease, age, weight of the patient, and condition of his kidneys and liver.
The standard dosage of Fluconazole tablets in the treatment of yeast infections is 150 mg. In most cases, a single dose of Fluconazole 150 is sufficient to treat vaginal candidiasis. This makes the treatment convenient and effective, as it does not require prolonged therapy or the constant intake of pills.
Systemic Fungal Infections
Adults: 150 mg once a week. Duration of treatment - until a healthy nail grows back (about 3-6 months for hand nails and 6-12 months for toenails).
Adults: 150 mg once a week or 50 mg daily. Duration of treatment depends on the localization and severity of the infection.
Prevention of Fungal Infections in Immunocompromised Patients
Adults and Children: Dosage is individualized, usually 50-400 mg daily, depending on the risk of infection.
Allergy to Fluconazole or Other Antifungal Drugs of the Azole Group
One of the main contraindications to the use of Fluconazole is the presence of an allergic reaction to the drug itself or other drugs from the azole group. This can manifest itself in the form of a rash, itching, swelling or other allergic symptoms.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Fluconazole penetrates the placental barrier and may affect the fetus. Therefore, its use during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, is highly undesirable. You should also avoid taking the drug while breastfeeding, as it is excreted in breast milk.
Patients with serious liver diseases should avoid using Fluconazole tablets, as they may aggravate the condition of these organs. In cases of mild liver dysfunction, close medical supervision is necessary.
In cases of renal dysfunction, fluconazole dosage adjustment is required as it is excreted by the kidneys. In severe cases of kidney dysfunction, the use of Fluconazole may be contraindicated.
Patients with serious heart diseases, including arrhythmias and prolongation of the QT interval, should be cautious when using the drug as it may affect the heart rhythm.
The use of Fluconazole in children requires special caution and should be used strictly as prescribed by a doctor, especially in infants and young children. Doctors should carefully weigh the potential benefits and risks of using this medicine in children, taking into account their age, weight, and the nature of the disease.
Patients with chronic diseases such as HIV/AIDS or cancer should take Fluconazole with special caution. In such cases, the decision to prescribe this drug is based on the general health of the patient and the possible risk of complications.
Electrolyte balance disorders
Patients with electrolyte balance disorders, especially those with potassium or magnesium deficiency, may be more susceptible to the cardiotoxic effects of Fluconazole. This requires correction of electrolyte levels before starting treatment.
Fluconazole and alcohol
Patients with alcoholism may have an increased risk of side effects from Fluconazole tablets, especially on the liver. In such cases, special caution and possibly alternative treatments are required.
Taking Fluconazole together with certain medicines may increase or decrease their effects. Examples include some anticoagulants, hypoglycemic agents, cisapride, statins, and some antiviral and antiarrhythmic drugs. Before starting fluconazole treatment, you should make sure that it does not interact with other medications you are taking.
In conclusion, Fluconazole 150 mg is a powerful and effective remedy for fighting various infections. Its convenience lies in the possibility of a single dose, which greatly facilitates the course of treatment. It is also worth considering that Fluconazole penetrates the blood-brain barrier, which makes it effective in treating brain infections such as meningitis. However, this same property requires caution in its use, especially in patients with neurological diseases. Proper use of the drug will help to quickly and safely deal with the infection, minimizing the risk of side effects and re-infection.